The game shall be known as 8 ball Pool and
referred to in these rules as "the game".
It is intended that
players and teams should play 8 Ball Pool in the true Spirit of the game
and in a sportsmanlike manner. It should be clearly understood that the
referee is the sole judge of what is fair and unfair play. The referee
will take whatever action is necessary to ensure that these rules are
2. Requirements of "The game"
is played on a rectangle 6 pocket table with 15 balls, plus a cue ball.
Balls comprise two groups, represented by two different coloured balls
plus the 8 ball which is the black. Alternatively, numerical balls may be
used 1-7 which are plain coloured balls, 8-15 which are striped coloured
balls. Balls in two groups are known as object balls.
Object of "The Game"
The player or team pocketing their own
group of object balls first in any order and then legally pocketing the 8
ball (black) wins the game.
4. Commencement of "The Game"
a) The balls are racked with the 8 ball (black) on the 8 ball spot which
is at the intersection of the centre and corner pockets.
b) Order of
play is determined by the flip of a coin. The winner of the flip has the
option of breaking or requesting his/her opponent to do so.
opening player plays at the triangle of object balls by striking the cue
ball from any position on or within the "D". He/She must pocket a ball or
cause at least two object balls to hit the cushion. Failure to so so is a
foul break and will result in the balls being re-racked. The opposing
player re-starts the game with one break shot followed by one
d) On the break if a player legally pockets an object ball,
then that denotes his/her group unless he/she pockets balls from each group,
when he/she must nominate his/her choice before continuing play.
If no ball is pocketed from a legal break, then the oncoming player must
clearly nominate his/her choice of group object balls before play
f) If a foul is committed on the break other than as in
4(g) any balls pocketed are ignored in determining groups.
the player pockets the 8 ball (black) from the break, the game shall be
re-started by the same player. No penalty will be incurred. The balls to be
re-racked. This applies even if other balls, including the cue ball are
pocketed as well.
h) If a ball or balls are legally pocketed this
entitles the player to one additional shot and this continues until the
(i) Fails to pocket one of his/her set of allocated
(ii)Commits a foul at any time.
i) Combination shots
are allowed provided that the players hits one of his/her own group of
balls first. (Unless rule 6(b) applies).
j)A player may legally
pocket one or more of their opponents object balls providing the cue ball
strikes one of their own group first and providing one or more of their
own group are pocketed on the same shot.
a) In off (cue ball pocketed)
b) Hitting opponents
balls before his/her own balls (except when rule 6(b) applies).
Failing to hit any ball with the cue ball.
d) Jump shots-defined as when
the cue ball jumps over any part of any ball before making contact with
any object ball.
e) If a player hits the 8 ball (black) with the
cue ball on the first impact before all his/her own balls have been potted
(except when rule (b) applies.
f) Potting any opponents balls
(except when rule 4(j) or 6(b) applies).
g) Ball off the table.
Any object ball or the 8 ball black, shall be returned to the 8 ball spot
(see 4(a)) or as near as possible to that spot without touching any other
ball, in direct line between that spot and the centre of the "D".
the cue ball, the ball to be played from any position or within the "D". A
ball shall be deemed to be "off the table" if it comes to rest other than
on the bed of the table.
h) If a players clothing or body should
touch any ball.
i) Player not having at least one foot on the
j) Playing or touching with the cue any ball other than the
k) Playing out of turn.
l) Playing before balls
have come to rest.
m) Playing before the ball or balls have been
n) Stricking the cue ball with any part of the cue
other than the tip.
o) Stricking the cue ball with the cue more
p) Failing to clearly nominate when rule 4(d) or rule
q) Foul break. (see 4(c)).
r) Push stroke.
s) Moving an object ball or the 8 ball (black) when
playing away from a touching ball.
6. Penalty following any
a) Following any foul described under rule 5 the oncoming
player may play the cue ball from where it lies or from the "D" (as in
rule 8(b)) and proceed as 6(b). Moving the cue ball to the "D" does not
constitue a shot or visit.
b) Following a foul, the oncoming player
is entitled to one free shot with which he/she may play without
nomination, play the cue ball directly onto any ball, including opponents
object balls and the 8 ball (black). However he/she may not pocket the 8 ball (black), which would mean loss of game, unless
the player has already pocketed all of his/her own group of object balls
and only needs to pocket the 8 ball (black) to win the game.
Following the single free shot described in 6(a) the player will commence
his/her normal visit.
7. Loss of Game
a) If a
player pockets the 8 ball (black) before he/she pockets all balls in
his/her own group, except as allowed under rule 4(g) he/she loses the
b) A player going in off the 8 ball (black) when the 8 ball
(black) is potted, loses the game.
c) A player who clearly fails to make
any attempt to play a ball of his/her own group will lose the
d) If a player seeks to gain advantage by deliberatly
touching a moving ball or retrieving a ball dropping into the pocket,
he/she will lose the game.
stroke-Defined as when the tip of the cue remains in contact with the cue
ball once it has commenced its foward motion.
b) Cue ball in
hand-When a player has the cue ball in hand he/she plays from any position
on or within the "D" and in any direction.
c) Player in control-A
player is said to be in control of the table from the time that his/her
body, cue or clothing touches the table prior to his/her shot, through
his/her visit and up until his/her opponent does likewise prior to his/her
visit. Any balls which fall into the pockets during this period (including
the 8 ball (black)) he/she is said to have potted and he/she is liable to
any penalties or benefits normally awarded to him/her for the potting of
that ball or balls as are accorded to him/her in the rules of the game
(rule 5(c) applies).
d) The game is completed when the 8 ball
(black) is potted in any pocket and all the remaining balls including the
cue ball have come to rest, except where rule 4(g) applies.
Touching Ball-A player must play away from a touching ball which must not move (see 5(s)). If the touching ball is one of
the players own group, he/she is deemed to have played that ball. If the
touching ball is not one of his/her own group the cue ball must strike one
of his/her own group. When 6(b) applies a player must play away from a
touching ball and is deemed to have played that ball.
Should any situation arise whereby a legal shot
cannot be played, then the game shall be re-started by the same player
whether this situation is arrived at by accident or design. If in the
opinion of the referee neither player is allowing the game to progress or
a stalemate situation has arisen, then the game shall be re-started by the
It is loss of frame if the white ball is retrieved from any pocket.
The white must go through the mechanism of the table.
This also applies to any other ball on the table.
7d) Should a player deliberately interfere with any ball in play, including retrieving a ball dropping into a pocket, he/she will forfeit the frame.
On legally pocketing the black ball a player is allowed to pocket one or more of his opponents balls on the same shot providing that he/she hits the black first and the black is also pocketed.
The same applies throughout the game provided the player hits his/her own ball first and their own ball is pocketed.
Making no attempt at an escape from a “Snooker Position” is loss of frame.
After the break, if the oncoming player fails to nominate his/her group of balls this is a foul.
The next player in turn then has one free shot and must nominate on the next shot.
If however the player nominates on his first shot, we would advise the referee to show sportsmanlike behaviour and advise the player of the ruling.
After a foul if the oncoming player wishes the white back in the “D”, we advise them to ask the referee to do so, so as not to disturb any other balls.”.